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Cumulocity IoT Token

tip

thin-edge.io provides an alternative way to access the Cumulocity IoT REST API without having to request a token. The Cumulocity IoT Proxy Service can be used which handles the authorization as required.

It is recommended to use the Cumulocity IoT Proxy Service where possible.

Overview

For instances where you cannot use the Cumulocity IoT Proxy Service, the following instructions detail how to manually request a token, and then how to use the token to make manual REST API calls to the Cumulocity IoT tenant.

Retrieving the token

Follow the below steps in order to retrieve the token from Cumulocity IoT using MQTT.

  1. Subscribe to the token topic

    tedge mqtt sub 'c8y/s/dat'
  2. Publish an empty message on the c8y/s/uat topic

    tedge mqtt pub 'c8y/s/uat' ''
  3. After a while the token will be published on the subscribed topic c8y/s/dat in the below format

    71,${Base64 encoded JWT}

    Store the token as required (e.g. assign to a variable), and use in REST API request to the Cumulocity IoT tenant.

    note

    Typically tokens are only valid for 1 hour (depending on your Cumulocity IoT settings), so you will need to request a new token before it expires otherwise your API Requests will return an Unauthorized (401) error.

    The expiration timestamp, issuer (Cumulocity IoT URL), and tenant are encoded in the token and can be decoded using the standard JSON Web Token Standard which there should be a library in most popular programming languages.

Alternative: Retrieving the token using mosquitto_rr

mosquitto_rr provides a simple cli interface to handle the request/response pattern, and can be used to create a simple one-liner to retrieve a new token.

The mosquitto_rr cli command can be installed on your operating system via one of the following packages:

mosquitto-clients

The token can be retrieved using the following one-liner:

export C8Y_TOKEN=$(mosquitto_rr -t c8y/s/uat -e c8y/s/dat -m '' | cut -d, -f2-)

Where:

  • -t represents the request topic, where the -m '' message is sent to it
  • -e represents the response topic which will print the message on the console

Using token in REST API calls to Cumulocity IoT

The retrieved token can be used to make HTTP calls to the Cumulocity IoT REST API.

For simplicity, this example will retrieve the Cumulocity IoT URL via the tedge cli command. If you are using a higher level programming language like python3, then you get the Cumulocity IoT URL by decoding the token, e.g. using PyJWT.

The following code snippet does the following steps:

  1. Get the Cumulocity IoT URL (using tedge)
  2. Get the token (using mosquitto_rr)
  3. Send a request (using curl)
# Get the Cumulocity IoT URL
export C8Y_URL="https://$(tedge config get c8y.url)"

# Get the token (using mosquitto_rr cli command)
export C8Y_TOKEN=$(mosquitto_rr -t c8y/s/uat -e c8y/s/dat -m '' | cut -d, -f2-)

# Send a REST API call to Cumulocity IoT
curl -s -H "Authorization: Bearer $C8Y_TOKEN" \
-H "Accept: application/json" \
"$C8Y_URL/user/currentUser"
tip

The same functionality (as above) can be achieved by using the Cumulocity IoT Proxy Service:

curl -s -H "Accept: application/json" \
"http://localhost:8001/c8y/user/currentUser"
Output (pretty printed)
{
"shouldResetPassword": false,
"userName": "device_rpi4-d83add90fe56",
"self": "https://t123456.eu-latest.cumulocity.com/user/currentUser",
"effectiveRoles": [
{
"name": "ROLE_IDENTITY_ADMIN",
"self": "https://t123456.eu-latest.cumulocity.com/user/roles/ROLE_IDENTITY_ADMIN",
"id": "ROLE_IDENTITY_ADMIN"
},
{
"name": "ROLE_EVENT_READ",
"self": "https://t123456.eu-latest.cumulocity.com/user/roles/ROLE_EVENT_READ",
"id": "ROLE_EVENT_READ"
},
{
"name": "ROLE_IDENTITY_READ",
"self": "https://t123456.eu-latest.cumulocity.com/user/roles/ROLE_IDENTITY_READ",
"id": "ROLE_IDENTITY_READ"
},
{
"name": "ROLE_INVENTORY_READ",
"self": "https://t123456.eu-latest.cumulocity.com/user/roles/ROLE_INVENTORY_READ",
"id": "ROLE_INVENTORY_READ"
},
{
"name": "ROLE_DEVICE_CONTROL_READ",
"self": "https://t123456.eu-latest.cumulocity.com/user/roles/ROLE_DEVICE_CONTROL_READ",
"id": "ROLE_DEVICE_CONTROL_READ"
},
{
"name": "ROLE_MEASUREMENT_READ",
"self": "https://t123456.eu-latest.cumulocity.com/user/roles/ROLE_MEASUREMENT_READ",
"id": "ROLE_MEASUREMENT_READ"
},
{
"name": "ROLE_AUDIT_READ",
"self": "https://t123456.eu-latest.cumulocity.com/user/roles/ROLE_AUDIT_READ",
"id": "ROLE_AUDIT_READ"
},
{
"name": "ROLE_USER_MANAGEMENT_OWN_ADMIN",
"self": "https://t123456.eu-latest.cumulocity.com/user/roles/ROLE_USER_MANAGEMENT_OWN_ADMIN",
"id": "ROLE_USER_MANAGEMENT_OWN_ADMIN"
},
{
"name": "ROLE_ALARM_READ",
"self": "https://t123456.eu-latest.cumulocity.com/user/roles/ROLE_ALARM_READ",
"id": "ROLE_ALARM_READ"
},
{
"name": "ROLE_DEVICE",
"self": "https://t123456.eu-latest.cumulocity.com/user/roles/ROLE_DEVICE",
"id": "ROLE_DEVICE"
},
{
"name": "ROLE_USER_MANAGEMENT_OWN_READ",
"self": "https://t123456.eu-latest.cumulocity.com/user/roles/ROLE_USER_MANAGEMENT_OWN_READ",
"id": "ROLE_USER_MANAGEMENT_OWN_READ"
},
{
"name": "ROLE_INVENTORY_CREATE",
"self": "https://t123456.eu-latest.cumulocity.com/user/roles/ROLE_INVENTORY_CREATE",
"id": "ROLE_INVENTORY_CREATE"
}
],
"id": "device_rpi4-d83add90fe56",
"lastPasswordChange": "2024-01-14T19:56:05.978Z"
}